Different Methods Of Galvanization To Enhance The Steel

We all know steel is a versatile product used for various industrial, commercial, and residential purposes. Steel is used in these sectors because of its exceptional physical and mechanical properties. Even though they exhibit outstanding characteristics at one point, steel is also subjectable to corrosion and rusting. For this reason, many MS steel suppliers in Chennai apply the galvanization process to steel products. Galvanization is a process where the steel or iron products are protected against corrosion by coating them with zinc.

However, many manufacturers employ different galvanization methods to improve steel quality and corrosion resistance. These methods are applied to the metal products depending on their constituents, thickness, and process. Hence, in this post, let us see the different methods of galvanization to enhance the steel effectively.

Thermal spray:

The foremost galvanization method applied for the steel products is thermal spraying. Thermal spraying is the process where the molten fine or semi-fine molten particles are sprayed on the outer layer of the substrates. In some industrial cases, the molten particles can be in the powder or wire. 

The thermal spray is one of the thickest forms of coating on the outer layer of the metals. So, before the galvanization process, the steel manufacturers coat the metal with zinc and prepare the metal surface for the subsequent process. The thermal spraying coating is applied to the steel products, which are operated under extreme heat, erosion, wear, and corrosion. Even SAIL TMT bar and rebar are included thermal spraying while using them in the regions of higher temperatures.


Another form of galvanization used for the metal to prevent corrosion is electroplating. Electroplating or electrodeposition is the process where the substrate is placed inside a solution, and a signal is produced from the external source. The external signal reduces the number of cations and creates a metallic coating over the substrate. 

However, electroplating provides the least coating thickness to the desired metal. This method is one of the oldest forms of galvanization used to galvanize chemical compounds like cadmium. Similarly, electroplating is one of the complex processes and involves the ancillary tank, zinc anode, reservoirs, and related things for the process. The electroplating process also involves coating the substrate with zinc before the galvanization process. Electroplating is used to make fasteners, MS chequered plate, and other daily use materials.

Sheet galvanizing:

Galvanizing the sheets, steel wires, and other steel products are called sheet galvanizing. The thickness of the sheet galvanizing is thicker than electroplating and much thinner than the thermal spraying. Sheet galvanizing is a coil-to-coil process where the steel sheets, wires, and strips are placed on the continuously moving ribbon under constant pressure with zinc coating the surface of the substrate. These are used to make corrugated roofing materials, in-car bodies, and other related products.

Hence, these are the fundamental galvanizing methods to enhance steel products. So, approach Bharat Steels – the best JSW steel dealers in Chennai, for quality steel products that meet all your requirements.

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