Types Of Steel Beams Used In Residential Construction

Beams are horizontal long sturdy structures in construction. They provide structural support by transferring the load across the columns. Beams and columns work together to move the structure’s weight and load to the foundation. Beams are constructed horizontally; the weight in the beam acts vertically downwards. The primary purpose of the beam is to resist the bending forces of load. In general, the beams are either made up of steel or reinforced concrete. 

Purpose of beam:

Load resistance
Retaliate bending moment and shear forces.
Connect the frame.
Uniform distribution of loads.

JSW dealers have well-trained structural engineers who design the shape and size of the beam to balance the load and force acting on them.

Types of Steel beams:

W-beam
H-beam
I-beam
T-section Beam
L-section Beam
Channel Beams

 W- beam

 Also known as the wide flange are bar-shaped building elements. The horizontal part at the upper and lower side is called a flange, and the middle connecting vertical position is called a web. The W – beam is lighter, making it ideal for small residential buildings.

 H – beam

 These beams have wider flanges. Since they are heavier than W-beam and I-beam, they are used in large residential construction and large trailers and bridges. Steel Suppliers suggest using this type of beam for more extensive projects because the shape of the H-beams allows them to bear larger loads.

 I – beam

However, I beams are lighter in weight, and the middle vertical web is thinner. I beams are most commonly used in industrial applications, but now you can see them used in some residential projects. A narrow cross-section of the I beam allows it to withstand force in one direction.

 T section beam

As the name implies, they are structural beams with a “T” shape. Few variations depending on the measurements are available in the market. If width and length are the same, it is called equal length T; if the width and height are unequal, they are called unequal T. They are most commonly used in shipbuilding and tanks.

 L section 

Commonly referred to as angle beams have legs at unequal lengths and are joined at 90 degrees, forming the letter L. They are reliably stable and are commonly used to anchor the flooring system to the foundation. They also provide a clamp-like structure to support the other beams.

Channel beams

Channel beams, commonly referred to as c beams, are cost-effective and widely used in residential construction. They are used in light load applications and for short span lengths. They are used in home appliances and furniture supports.

As steel is one of the versatile materials, it is used in every part of the construction, from foundation to roof. JSW steel dealers in Chennai are the pioneers in the steel industry and provide various high-quality construction steel at affordable prices. Do not hesitate to contact us for any queries and enquiries. 

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